GUAN References

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GUAN main references

  • Birmili, W., Weinhold, K., Rasch, F., Sonntag, A., Sun, J., Merkel, M., Wiedensohler, A., Bastian, S., Schladitz, A., Löschau, G., Cyrys, J., Pitz, M., Gu, J., Kusch, T., Flentje, H., Quass, U., Kaminski, H., Kuhlbusch, T. A. J., Meinhardt, F., Schwerin, A., Bath, O., Ries, L., Gerwig, H., Wirtz, K., and Fiebig, M.: Long-term observations of tropospheric particle number size distributions and equivalent black carbon mass concentrations in the German Ultrafine Aerosol Network (GUAN), Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 355-382, doi:10.5194/essd-8-355-2016, 2016. Download at ESSD
  • Birmili, W., Sun, J., Weinhold, K., Merkel, M., Rasch, F., Wiedensohler, A., Bastian, S., Löschau, G., Schladitz, A., Quass, U., Kuhlbusch, T.A.J., Kaminski, H., Cyrys, J., Pitz, M., Gu, J., Kusch, T., Flentje, H., Meinhardt, F., Schwerin, A., Bath, O., Ries, L., Gerwig, H., Wirtz, K., Weber, S.: Atmospheric aerosol measurements in the German Ultrafine Aerosol Network (GUAN) - Part III: Black Carbon mass and particle number concentrations 2009-2014, Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 75(11/12), 479-488, 2015. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG ©2015

Measurement and data evaluation

  • Wiedensohler, A., Wiesner, A., Weinhold, K., Birmili, W., Hermann, M., Merkel, M., Müller, T., Pfeifer, S., Schmidt, A., Tuch, T., Velarde, F., Quincey, P., Seeger S., and Nowak, A.: Mobility particle size spectrometers: Calibration procedures and measurement uncertainties, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 52, 146-164, 2018. Download from AST
  • Pfeifer, S., Birmili, W., Schladitz, A., Müller, T., Nowak, A., and Wiedensohler, A.: A fast and easy-to-implement inversion algorithm for mobility particle size spectrometers considering particle number size distribution information outside of the detection range, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 95-105, 2014. Download from AMT
  • Wiedensohler, A., Birmili, W., Nowak, A., Sonntag, A., Weinhold, K. et al.: Mobility particle size spectrometers: harmonization of technical standards and data structure to facilitate high quality long-term observations of atmospheric particle number size distributions, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 657-685, 2012. Download from AMT
  • Schladitz, A., Merkel, M., Bastian, S., Birmili, W., Weinhold, K., Löschau, G., and Wiedensohler, A.: A concept of an automated function control for ambient aerosol measurements using mobility particle size spectrometers, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1065-1073, 2014. Download from AMT

Ultrafine particles and air quality

  • Ma, N. and Birmili, W.: Estimating the contribution of photochemical particle formation to ultrafine particle number averages in an urban atmosphere, Sci. Tot. Environ., 512–513, 154-166, 2015. Open Access from STOTEN
  • Rasch, F., Birmili, W., Weinhold, K., Nordmann, S., Sonntag, A., Spindler, G., Herrmann, H., Wiedensohler, A., Löschau, G.: Signifikante Minderung von Ruß und Anzahl ultrafeiner Partikel in Außenluft als Folge der Umweltzone in Leipzig (Significant reduction of ambient black carbon and particle number in Leipzig as a result of the low emission zone). Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 73(11/12): 483-489, 2013. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG
  • Birmili, W., Rehn, J., Vogel, A., Boehlke, C., Weber, K., and Rasch, F.: Micro-scale variability of urban particle number and mass concentrations in Leipzig, Germany, Meteorolog. Z., 22(2), 155–165, 2013. Download from MetZ
  • Birmili, W., Tomsche, L., Sonntag, A., Opelt, C., Weinhold, K., Nordmann, S., Schmidt, W.: Variability of aerosol particles in the urban atmosphere of Dresden (Germany): Effects of spatial scale and particle size, Meteorolog. Z., 22(2), 195–211, 2013. Download from MetZ

Black Carbon (BC) characteristics

  • Nordmann, S., Cheng, Y. F., Carmichael, G. R., Yu, M., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Zhang, Q., Saide, P. E., Pöschl, U., Su, H., Birmili, W., and Wiedensohler, A.: Atmospheric black carbon and warming effects influenced by the source and absorption enhancement in central Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12683-12699, 2014. Download from ACP
  • Nordmann, S., W. Birmili, K. Weinhold, K. Müller, G. Spindler, and A. Wiedensohler:, Measurements of the mass absorption cross section of atmospheric soot particles using Raman spectroscopy. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 12075–12085, doi:10.1002/2013JD020021, 2013.
  • Nordmann, S., W. Birmili, K. Weinhold, A. Wiedensohler, S. Mertes, K. Müller, T. Gnauk, H. Herrmann, M. Pitz, J. Cyrys, H. Flentje, L. Ries, K. Wirtz: Atmospheric aerosol measurements in the German Ultrafine Aerosol Network (GUAN) - Part 2: Comparison of measurements techniques for graphitic, light-absorbing, and elemental carbon, and the non-volatile particle volume under field conditions. Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 69(11/12): 469-474, 2009. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG
  • Rasch, F., Birmili, W., Weinhold, K., Nordmann, S., Sonntag, A., Spindler, G., Herrmann, H., Wiedensohler, A., Löschau, G.: Signifikante Minderung von Ruß und Anzahl ultrafeiner Partikel in Außenluft als Folge der Umweltzone in Leipzig (Significant reduction of ambient black carbon and particle number in Leipzig as a result of the low emission zone). Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 73(11/12): 483-489, 2013. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG

Validation of statistical air quality models

  • Mølgaard, B., Birmili, W., Clifford, S., Massling, A., Eleftheriadis, K., Norman, M., Vratolis, S., Wehner, B., Corander, J., Hämeri, K., Hussein, T.: Evaluation of a statistical forecast model for size-fractionated urban particle number concentrations using data from five European cities. J. Aerosol Sci., 66, 96-110, 2013.
  • von Bismarck-Osten, C., Birmili, W., Ketzel, M., Massling, A., Petäjä, T., Weber, S.: Characterization of parameters influencing the spatio-temporal variability of urban particle number size distributions in four European cities. Atmos. Environ., 77, 415-429, 2013.
  • von Bismarck-Osten, C. and Weber, S.: A uniform classification of aerosol signature size distributions based on regression-guided and observational cluster analysis, Atmos. Environ., 89, 346-357, 2014.
  • von Bismarck-Osten, C., Birmili, W., Ketzel, M., and Weber, S.: Statistical modelling of aerosol particle number size distributions in urban and rural environments – A multi-site study, Urban Climate, 11, 51-66, 2015.

Climatology and large-scale model validation

  • Heintzenberg, J., Senf, F., Birmili, W., Wiedensohler, A.: Aerosol connections between three distant continental stations, Atmos. Environ., 190, 349-358, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.07.047, 2018.
  • Chen, Y., Cheng, Y.-F., Nordmann, S., Birmili, W., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Ma, N., Wolke, R., Wehner, B., Sun, J., Spindler, G., Mu, Q., Pöschl, U., Su, H., and Wiedensohler, A.: Evaluation of the size segregation of elemental carbon (EC) emission in Europe: influence on the simulation of EC long-range transportation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1823-1835, doi:10.5194/acp-16-1823-2016, 2016. Download from ACP
  • Chen, Y., Cheng, Y., Ma, N., Wolke, R., Nordmann, S., Schüttauf, S., Ran, L., Wehner, B., Birmili, W., van der Gon, H. A. C. D., Mu, Q., Barthel, S., Spindler, G., Stieger, B., Müller, K., Zheng, G.-J., Pöschl, U., Su, H., and Wiedensohler, A.: Sea salt emission, transport and influence on size-segregated nitrate simulation: a case study in northwestern Europe by WRF-Chem, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 12081-12097, doi:10.5194/acp-16-12081-2016, 2016. Download from ACP
  • Wu, Z. J., Poulain, L., Birmili, W., Größ, J., Niedermeier, N., Wang, Z. B., Herrmann, H., and Wiedensohler, A.: Some insights into the condensing vapors driving new particle growth to CCN sizes on the basis of hygroscopicity measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 13071-13083, doi:10.5194/acp-15-13071-2015, 2015. Download from ACP
  • Beddows, D. C. S., Dall'Osto, M., Harrison, R. M., Kulmala, M., Asmi, A., Wiedensohler, A., Laj, P. et al.: Variations in tropospheric submicron particle size distributions across the European continent 2008–2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4327-4348, 2014. Download from ACP
  • Makkonen, R., Seland, Ø., Kirkevåg, A., Iversen, T., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: Evaluation of aerosol number concentrations in NorESM with improved nucleation parameterization, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5127-5152, 2014. Download from ACP
  • Mann, G. W., Carslaw, K. S., Reddington, C. L., Pringle, K. J., Schulz, M., Asmi, A., Spracklen, D. V., Ridley, D. A., Woodhouse, M. T., Lee, L. A., Zhang, K., Ghan, S. J., Easter, R. C., Liu, X., Stier, P., Lee, Y. H., Adams, P. J., Tost, H., Lelieveld, J., Bauer, S. E., Tsigaridis, K., van Noije, T. P. C., Strunk, A., Vignati, E., Bellouin, N., Dalvi, M., Johnson, C. E., Bergman, T., Kokkola, H., von Salzen, K., Yu, F., Luo, G., Petzold, A., Heintzenberg, J., Clarke, A., Ogren, J. A., Gras, J., Baltensperger, U., Kaminski, U., Jennings, S. G., O'Dowd, C. D., Harrison, R. M., Beddows, D. C. S., Kulmala, M., Viisanen, Y., Ulevicius, V., Mihalopoulos, N., Zdimal, V., Fiebig, M., Hansson, H.-C., Swietlicki, E., and Henzing, J. S.: Intercomparison and evaluation of global aerosol microphysical properties among AeroCom models of a range of complexity, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4679-4713, 2014. Download from ACP
  • D'Andrea, S. D., Häkkinen, S. A. K., Westervelt, D. M., Kuang, C., Levin, E. J. T., Kanawade, V. P., Leaitch, W. R., Spracklen, D. V., Riipinen, I., and Pierce, J. R.: Understanding global secondary organic aerosol amount and size-resolved condensational behavior, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11519-11534, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11519-2013, 2013. Download from ACP
  • Asmi, A., Collaud Coen, M., Ogren, J. A., Andrews, E., Sheridan, P., Jefferson, A. et al.: Aerosol decadal trends – Part 2: In-situ aerosol particle number concentrations at GAW and ACTRIS stations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 895-916, 2013. Download from ACP
  • Paasonen, P., Asmi, A., Petäjä, T., Kajos, M.K. Aijala, M., Junninen, H. et al.: Warming-induced increase in aerosol number concentration likely to moderate climate change. Nature Geosci., 6, 438-442, 2013.
  • Asmi, A., Wiedensohler, A., Laj, P., Fjaeraa, A.-M., Sellegri, K., Birmili, W. et al.: Number size distributions and seasonality of submicron particles in Europe 2008–2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5505-5538, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Reddington, C. L., Carslaw, K. S., Spracklen, D. V. et al.: Primary versus secondary contributions to particle number concentrations in the European boundary layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 12007-12036, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Putaud, J.-P., R. Van Dingenen, A. Alastuey, H. Bauer, W. Birmili, J. Cyrys, H. Flentje et al.: A European aerosol phenomenology - 3: Physical and chemical characteristics of particulate matter from 60 rural, urban, and kerbside sites across Europe, Atmos. Environ., 44, 1308-1320, 2009.

Particle epidemiology

  • Rückerl, R., A. Schneider, S. Breitner, J. Cyrys and A. Peters: Health effects of particulate air pollution: A review of epidemiological evidence. Inhalation Toxicology, 23(10): 555–592, 2011.
  • Birmili, W., Rückerl, R., Hoffmann, B., Weinmayr, G., Schins, R., Kuhlbusch, T. A. J., Vogel, A., Weber, K., Franck, U., Cyrys, J., Peters, A.: Ultrafine aerosol particles in ambient air: Perspectives to elucidate their health effects (Ultrafeine Aerosolpartikel in der Außenluft: Perspektiven zur Aufklärung ihrer Gesundheitseffekte). Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 74(11/12): 492-500, 2014. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG

Special meteorological events

Eyjafjallajökull ash plume:

  • Emeis, S., Forkel, R., Junkermann, W., Schäfer, K., Flentje, H. et al.: Measurement and simulation of the 16/17 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash layer dispersion in the northern Alpine region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2689-2701, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Schäfer, K., Thomas, W., Peters, A., Ries, L. et al.: Influences of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic plume on air quality in the northern Alpine region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8555-8575, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Pitz, M., Gu, J., Soentgen, J., Peters, A., and Cyrys, J.: Particle size distribution factor as an indicator for the impact of the Eyjafjallajökull ash plume at ground level in Augsburg, Germany, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9367-9374, 2011. Download from ACP

The 2007 Ukrainian dust plume:

  • Birmili, W., Schepanski, K., Ansmann, A., Spindler, G., Tegen, I., Wehner, B. et al.: A case of extreme particulate matter concentrations over Central Europe caused by dust emitted over the southern Ukraine, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 997-1016, 2008. Download from ACP

Chemical particle composition

  • Poulain, L., Birmili, W., Canonaco, F., Crippa, M., Wu, Z. J., Nordmann, S., Spindler, G., Prévôt, A. S. H., Wiedensohler, A., and Herrmann, H.: Chemical mass balance of 300 °C non-volatile particles at the tropospheric research site Melpitz, Germany, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 10145-10162, 2014. Download from ACP
  • Scheinhardt, S., van Pinxteren, D., Müller, K., Spindler, G., and Herrmann, H.: Hydroxymethanesulfonic acid in size-segregated aerosol particles at nine sites in Germany, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4531-4538, 2014. Download from ACP
  • Scheinhardt, S., Müller, K., Spindler, G., Herrmann, H.: Complexation of trace metals in size-segregated aerosol particles at nine sites in Germany, Atmos. Environ., 74, 102-109, 2013.

Analyses using GUAN data at one particular site

Zugspitze/Schneefernerhaus:

  • Birmili, W., T. Göbel, A. Sonntag, L. Ries, R. Sohmer, S. Gilge, I. Levin, and A. Stohl. A case of transatlantic aerosol transport detected at the Schneefernerhaus Observatory (2650 m) on the northern edge of the Alps. Meteorolog. Z., 19(6), 591-600, 2010. Download from Meteorologische Zeitschrift
  • Ries, L., W. Birmili, K. König, R. Sohmer, A. Stohl, Northern hemispheric background and long-range transport of fine and ultrafine particles at the Zugspitze GAW station (Nordhemisphärischer Hintergrund und Ferntransport von Fein- und Ultrafeinstaub an der GAW Station Zugspitze), GAW-Briefe, Deutscher Wetterdienst, 52, July 2010. Download PDF courtesy of DWD
  • Birmili, W., L. Ries, R. Sohmer, A. Anastou, A. Sonntag, K. König, and I. Levin. Fine and ultrafine aerosol particles at the GAW station Schneefernerhaus/Zugspitze. Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 69(1/2): 31-35, 2009. Download PDF courtesy of SPRINGER-VDI-VERLAG

Melpitz:

  • Poulain, L., Spindler, G., Birmili, W., Plass-Dülmer, C., Wiedensohler, A., and Herrmann, H.: Seasonal and diurnal variations of particulate nitrate and organic matter at the IfT research station Melpitz, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 12579-12599, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Mikkonen, S., Romakkaniemi, S., Smith, J. N., Korhonen, H., Petäjä, T. et al.: A statistical proxy for sulphuric acid concentration, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 11319-11334, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Hamburger, T., McMeeking, G., Minikin, A., Birmili, W., Dall'Osto, M. et al.: Overview of the synoptic and pollution situation over Europe during the EUCAARI-LONGREX field campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1065-1082, 2011. Download from ACP
  • Romakkaniemi, S., A. Arola, H. Kokkola, W. Birmili, T. Tuch, V.-M. Kerminen, P. Räisänen, J. N. Smith, H. Korhonen, and A. Laaksonen: Effect of aerosol size distribution changes on AOD, CCN and cloud droplet concentration: Case studies from Erfurt and Melpitz, Germany, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D07202, doi:10.1029/2011JD017091, 2012.

Augsburg:

  • Birmili, W., Heinke, K., Pitz, M., Matschullat, J., Wiedensohler, A., Cyrys, J., Wichmann, H.-E., and Peters, A.: Particle number size distributions in urban air before and after volatilisation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4643-4660, 2010. Download from ACP
  • Gu, J. W., Pitz, M., Schnelle-Kreis, J. et al.: Source apportionment of ambient particles: Comparison of positive matrix factorization analysis applied to particle size distribution and chemical composition data, Atmos. Environ., 45, 1849-1857, 2011.
  • Gu, J., M. Pitz, S. Breitner, W. Birmili, S. von Klot, A. Schneider, J. Soentgen, A. Reller, A. Peters, J. Cyrys: Selection of key ambient particulate variables for epidemiological studies — Applying cluster and heatmap analyses as tools for data reduction. Sci. Tot. Environ., 435-436, p. 541–550, 2012.
  • Schäfer, K., Elsasser, M., Arteaga-Salas, J., Gu, J., Pitz, M., Schnelle-Kreis, J., Cyrys, J., Emeis, S., Prévôt, A.S.H., Zimmermann, R.: Impact of meteorological conditions on airborne fine particle composition and secondary pollutant characteristics in urban area during winter-time, Meteorolog. Z., 25(3), 267-279, 2016. Download from Meteorologische Zeitschrift

Dresden-Nord:

  • Löschau, G., Birmili, W., Engler, C., Weinhold, K., Gnauk, T., Brüggemann, E., Müller, K., Herrmann, H., Wiedensohler, A.: Messung der Anzahl von ultrafeinen Partikeln in der Außenluft in einem Luftgütemessnetz – Teil 3: Räumliche Variation der Partikelkonzentration sowie Hauptverursacher im Ballungsraum. Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 71(1/2): 57-63, 2011.
  • Löschau, G., Wiedensohler, A., Wehner, B., Birmili, W., and Gerwig, H.: Messung der Anzahl von ultrafeinen Partikeln in der Außenluft in einem Luftgütemessnetz – Teil 2: Ergebnisse einer verkehrsnahen Langzeitmessung. Gefahrst. Reinh. Luft, 70(5), 183-187, 2010.

Selected presentations from conferences and workshops

  • Quass, U. and 25 others: Long-term Measurements of Ultrafine Particles in the Ruhr Area (Germany), presentation at AAMG conference, London 2016. Download PDF of this presentation
  • Sun, J., W. Birmili, K. Weinhold, F. Rasch, A. Sonntag, A. Wiedensohler, J. Cyrys, H. Flentje, G. Löschau, S. Bastian, A. Schladitz, F. Meinhardt, O. Bath, A. Schwerin, L. Ries, H. Gerwig, and K. Wirtz: Trends of tropospheric black carbon and sub-μm particle number concentration in the German Ultrafine Aerosol Network (GUAN), 2009-2013. European Aerosol Conference 2015, Milano, Italy, 6-11/09/2015. Poster abstract No. 29AAS_O021
  • Wirtz, K.: Ultrafeinstaubmessungen - Erfahrungen aus dem GUAN Messnetz. Presentation at Statusseminar Luftqualität in Sachsen 2012, Dresden.

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Last changes: August 7, 2018.

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