Hohenpeissenberg (rural/mid-altitude, since 2007)

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Meteorological observatory

Hohenpeissenberg is a meteorological observatory operated by the German Meteorological Service (DWD), and a global station within the WMO-GAW network. It is located in Bavaria, approximately 50 km south of Munich, about 40 km north of the Alps, and 300 m above the surrounding countryside. The observatory hosts a wide range of instrumentation for atmospheric gas phase and aerosol measurements. For the basic characteristics of particle number size distributions and their relation with trace gas and meteorological parameters see Birmili et al. (2003).

Non-continuos aerosol measurements and intensive measurements

  • 5-stage Berner impactor chemical composition 2008-2010

Continuous aerosol measurements

Parameter Instrument Particle size range Measured since Comment
Particle number size distribution TDMPS 3-800 nm 4/1998-8/2000
Particle number size distribution SMPS 10-800 nm 6/2007
Aerosol absorption coefficient MAAP PM10
Total particle number CPC

Non-continuous aerosol measurements

Parameter Instrument Particle size range Measured since Comment
Chemical composition 2008-2010 5-stage Berner impactor 2008-2010


  • Birmili, W., Berresheim, H., Plass-Dülmer, C., Elste, T., Gilge, S., Wiedensohler, A., and Uhrner, U.: The Hohenpeissenberg aerosol formation experiment (HAFEX): a long-term study including size-resolved aerosol, H2SO4, OH, and monoterpenes measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3: 361-376, doi:10.5194/acp-3-361-2003, 2003. Download from ACP
  • Spracklen, D. V., Carslaw, K. S., Merikanto, J., Mann, G. W., Reddington, C. L., Pickering, S. et al.: Explaining global surface aerosol number concentrations in terms of primary emissions and particle formation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4775‐4793, 2010, doi:10.5194/acp-10-4775-2010. Download from ACP
  • Asmi, A., Wiedensohler, A., Laj, P. et al.: Number size distributions and seasonality of submicron particles in Europe 2008–2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5505‐5538, doi:10.5194/acp‐11‐5505‐2011, 2011. Download form ACP
  • Emeis, S., Forkel, R., Junkermann, W., Schäfer, K., Flentje, H. et al.: Measurement and simulation of the 16/17 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash layer dispersion in the northern Alpine region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2689‐2701, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2689-2011, 2011. Download from ACP

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